Medical Terminology

TERMS MEANINGS a, an without, not acro extremity aden gland af toward af away from algia pain alveoli small hollow cavity ana up, more angi vessel ante before anti against, resisting aps, apt fit, fasten arche beginning, origin arthr joint ase enzyme asthen weakness auto self bar pressure bi two, double bili bile blast sprout, make brachi arm brady slow bronch air passage capn smoke carcin cancer card heart centesis a piercing cephal head, brain cerv neck chem. Chemical chol bile chondro cartilage cide to...
read more

SHOULDER ANATOMY

Shoulder Anatomy   BONES Humerus: The upper arm bone. Scapula: The shoulder blade. Glenoid: The end of the scapula that forms a joint with the humerus. Clavicle: The collarbone, which connects the shoulder to the sternum. Acromion: The roof of the shoulder that is formed by the scapula. Coracoid Process: The thick hook-like bony protrusion attached to the front of the scapula. ARTICULAR CARTILAGE The rubbery, slippery substance that covers the ends of bones at the joint. Healthy cartilage enables smooth joint movement and absorbs shock. In the shoulder, articular cartilage covers the end of the...
read more

Integumentry System

The integumentary system is the largest organ in the body and accounts for 8-15% of a person’s body weight. It must be tough to protect us but supple so that we can move and stretch. Skin structure Epidermis The epidermis is the outer layer of skin. The majority of cells (95%) are specialised epithelial cells called keratinocytes which produce a tough protein called keratin. There are five distinct sub-layers of cells that represent the different stages in the keratinisation process. New skin cells are produced at the basal membrane (deepest epidermal layer) pushing the older cells towards the...
read more